The M6.4 1933 Long Beach earthquake caused significant damage to the city and surrounding areas, killing a total of 120 people.
Most of the damage occurred in unreinforced masonry buildings, especially schools.
The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest container port in the United States and is among the world's largest shipping ports.
The city also maintains a progressively declining oil industry with minor wells located both directly beneath the city as well as offshore.
On an island in the San Pedro Bay, Mormon pioneers made an abortive attempt to establish a colony (as part of Brigham Young's plan to establish a continuous chain of settlements from the Pacific to Salt Lake).
In 1866 Temple sold Rancho Los Cerritos for ,000 to the Northern California sheep-raising firm of Flint, Bixby & Co, which consisted of brothers Thomas and Benjamin Flint and their cousin Lewellyn Bixby.
In the 1870s as many as 30,000 sheep were kept at the ranch and sheared twice yearly to provide wool for trade. Hellman, Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, and him, to purchase the rancho. Bixby named the streets and laid out the parks of his new city. When Jotham Bixby died in 1916, the remaining 3,500 acres (14 km The Pike was the most famous beachside amusement zone on the West Coast from 1902 until 1969, it offered bathers food, games and rides, such at the Sky Wheel dual Ferris wheel and Cyclone Racer roller coaster.
Along with other Tongva villages, they were forced to relocate in the mid-19th century due to missionization, political change, and a drastic drop in population from exposure to European diseases.